How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). Countries have officially presented their own national measures to combat climate change. They are obliged to implement these plans and, if they do, they will turn the curve downwards as the projected global temperature increases. Paris Agreement, 2015. The most important global agreement to date, the Paris Agreement, obliges all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions. Governments set targets known as national contributions, with a view to preventing the average global temperature from rising by 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to strive to keep it below 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to achieve zero net emissions globally, where the amount of greenhouse gases emitted is equivalent to the amount removed from the atmosphere in the second half of the century. (This is also called climate neutral or carbon neutral.) November-December – COP 16 was held in Cancun, Mexico. The parties have formally adopted the broad principles of the Copenhagen agreement, including limiting global warming to 2oC, protecting vulnerable forests and establishing a framework for a Green Climate Fund to provide funds to developing countries for mitigation and adaptation measures. The Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 by all 196 parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change at COP21 in Paris. In this agreement, all countries agreed to limit the increase in global temperature to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and to aim for 1.5 degrees Celsius in the face of serious risks. Implementation of the Paris Agreement is essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and contains a roadmap to combat climate change, reduce emissions and build resilience to climate change.
In addition to the Kyoto Protocol (and its amendment) and the Paris Agreement, the parties to the convention agreed to other commitments at the conferences of the parties to the UNFCCC. These include the Bali Action Plan (2007),  the Copenhagen Agreement (2009),  on the Cancun Agreements (2010),  and the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (2012).  The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.  After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force.  The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016.  Over the past few decades, governments have worked together to slow global warming. However, despite increased diplomacy, the world may soon face the devastating consequences of climate change. The general screen and processes of the UNFCCC and the adopted Kyoto Protocol have been criticized by some for failing to meet their stated targets for reducing carbon dioxide emissions (the main cause of the increase in global temperatures in the 21st century).
 In a speech in Alma Mater, Todd Stern, the U.S. climate chief, said: “Climate change is not a conventional environmental issue… It covers virtually every aspect of a state`s economy, making countries nervous before growth and development.