Provisional collective agreements will be published as soon as they are available. Teaming agreements deserve the attention of both parties, first and foremost their commercial risk as well as the performance objectives of the contract and the subcontractors who evaluate its role and the terms of the agreement. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is a contract between two or more parties who are considering a research or education partnership. The Memorandum of Understanding describes the nature of the relationship established, the purpose of the relationship and the responsibilities of each party. The MoU is not a legally binding agreement and should therefore not deal with formal plans for compensation, confidentiality or intellectual property rights and licensing rights. These types of agreements are sometimes referred to as “gentlemen`s agreements” and are usually between higher education institutions, individuals or local school districts and can sometimes be a prerequisite for applying for financial aid or a grant. The planned activity may or may not apply, as described in the Memorandum of Understanding, but there is no sanction for failure. Since the first TA in 2014, Springer Nature has concluded a total of 11 national agreements in Europe and Asia, including the largest post-article open access agreement with the DEAL project. Springer Nature publishes the world`s most comprehensive open access portfolio and published more than 100,000 articles on Gold OA in 2019, or 30% of all Springer Nature articles. The publishing house continues to advance paths towards open access through new magazines, books or through the introduction and introduction of transformative journals. Remaining an active voice in the open-access conversation, promoting the openness of research and the development of open science remains Springer Nature`s main focus at the service of the research community. . .